Exercise.3.3: Laws of Logarithm:Logarithms can seem complicated, but certain laws come in handy to manipulate and simplify expressions involving them. These laws hold true for any base (b) as long as b is positive and not equal to 1. Here are the key laws to remember:

**1. Product Rule:**

`log_b(xy) = log_b(x) + log_b(y)`

This states that the logarithm of a product of two numbers is equal to the sum of the logarithms of those numbers, individually, with the same base. Exercise.3.3: Laws of Logarithm

**2. Quotient Rule:**

`log_b(x/y) = log_b(x) - log_b(y)`

- This tells us that the logarithm of a quotient of two numbers is equal to the difference of the logarithms of those numbers, individually, with the same base.

**3. Power Rule:**

`log_b(x^n) = n * log_b(x)`

- This rule applies when you have a number raised to a power inside the logarithm. It states that the logarithm of a number raised to a power is equal to the exponent multiplied by the logarithm of the base, itself.

**4. Zero Rule:**

`log_b(1) = 0`

- This simply states that the logarithm of 1 with any base is always equal to 0.

**5. Identity Rule:**

`log_b(b) = 1`

- This tells us that the logarithm of the base itself with any base is always equal to 1.

**Bonus Rule: Change of Base Formula:**

`log_a(x) = (log_b(x))/(log_b(a))`

- This formula allows you to convert the base of a logarithm to another base.

**Examples:**

- Using the product rule:
`log_2(8) = log_2(2^3) = 3 * log_2(2) = 3`

- Using the quotient rule:
`log_10(0.1) = log_10(1/10) = log_10(1) - log_10(10) = 0 - 1 = -1`

#### Examples

Understanding and applying these laws will help you solve various problems involving logarithms, simplify expressions, and work with exponential equations more efficiently.

Here are some examples illustrating the laws of logarithms:

Product Rule:

- log_3(27) = log_3(9 * 3) = log_3(9) + log_3(3) = 2 + 1 = 3
- log(1000) = log(10^3) = 3 * log(10) = 3

Quotient Rule:

- log_5(1/125) = log_5(1) – log_5(125) = 0 – 3 = -3
- log(0.01) = log(1/100) = log(1) – log(100) = 0 – 2 = -2

Power Rule: Exercise.3.3: Laws of Logarithm:

- log_4(16) = log_4(4^2) = 2 * log_4(4) = 2 * 1 = 2
- log(sqrt(10)) = log(10^(1/2)) = (1/2) * log(10) = 1/2

Zero Rule:

- log_2(1) = 0
- log(1) = 0

Identity Rule:

- log_7(7) = 1
- log(10) = 1

Change of Base Formula:

- log_3(8) = (log_2(8))/(log_2(3)) ≈ 1.893
- log_5(20) = (log(20))/(log(5)) ≈ 1.861

These examples demonstrate how the laws of logarithms can be used to simplify expressions, solve equations, and make calculations involving logarithms more manageable. Exercise.3.3: Laws of Logarithm:

#### Conclusion

In conclusion, the laws of logarithms are indispensable tools in the realm of mathematics, offering a systematic and efficient way to manipulate logarithmic expressions. Through the product law, quotient law, and power law, logarithms provide a set of rules that simplify complex mathematical operations involving exponentials. These laws not only streamline calculations but also find widespread application across diverse fields. Exercise.3.3: Laws of Logarithm:

The product law allows us to transform the multiplication of numbers into an addition of logarithms, facilitating the handling of products in a more manageable form. The quotient law enables the transformation of division into subtraction, providing a straightforward method for dealing with quotients. The power law, with its ability to convert exponentiation into multiplication, enhances our capacity to navigate expressions involving powers efficiently.

These logarithmic laws are not merely theoretical concepts; they are practical tools that mathematicians, scientists, engineers, and various professionals employ daily. From solving exponential equations to analyzing growth rates, logarithms play a crucial role in making intricate calculations more accessible and understandable. Exercise.3.3: Laws of Logarithm:

A firm grasp of the laws of logarithms is essential for anyone working with mathematical models, conducting scientific research, or engaging in quantitative analysis. As a cornerstone of mathematical understanding, logarithmic laws empower individuals to tackle complex problems, contributing to advancements in science, technology, and numerous other disciplines. In essence, the laws of logarithms serve as a bridge between intricate mathematical expressions and practical problem-solving, enriching our ability to comprehend and manipulate exponential relationships.

Must Read:

Exercise.2.2: Properties of Real Numbers

Exercise.2.3: Radicals And Radicands

Exercise.2.4: Law of Exponents/ Indices

9th-Math-Ch-1-Review: Matrices And Determinants

Exercise.1.6: Solution Of Simultaneous Linear Equations

Exercise.1.5: Multiplicative Inverse a Of Matrices

Exercise.1.4: Multiplication Of Matrices

Exercise 1.3: Addition And Subtraction Of Matrices

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Exercise 1.1: Introduction to matrices

**Math Full Book 9th class **

**Exercise # 3.3**

**Azam Bodla**

**M.Phil. Mathematics, Content Writer, SEO ExpertWeb Developer, Online TutorCall or WhatsApp: +923059611600Gmail:azambodlaa@gmail.com**

Mashallah, very well

Thanks So much, dear , if you have required about mathematics questions and another, please send query

Mashallah, very well, it is good struggle for the students